ETHICS (June 13 and 15)

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ETHICS (June 13 and 15)

Post  xerxes on Thu Jun 18, 2009 1:18 pm

SUBJECT: Work Values and Ethics

Lecture Given: June 13 and 15, 2009

POWER POINT PRESENTATION

Reference: Ethics And The Filipino (A Manual on Morals for Students and

Educators) by Ramon B. Agapay, National Bookstore, 2001



ETHICS:



GREEK WORD “ETHOS” meaning “CHARACTERISTIC WAY OF ACTING”

LATIN WORDS “MOS, MORES” meaning “TRADITION OR CUSTOM”



ETHOS INCLUDES:



CULTURAL MANNERISMS

RELIGION

POLITICS

LAWS

SOCIAL ASPIRATIONS



OUR STUDY OF ETHICS:



STUDY OF CHARACTERISTICS BELONGING TO MAN AS A RATIONAL BEING ENDOWED WITH INTELLECT AND FREE WILL



ETHOS OF A MAN:



DESTINGUISH BETWEEN GOOD AND EVIL, RIGHT AND WRONG, AND MORAL AND IMMORAL

AN OBLIGATION TO DO WHAT IS GOOD AND TO AVOID WHAT IS EVIL

A FEELING OF ACCOUNTABILITY FOR HIS ACTIONS (REWARD / PUNISHMENT)



DEFINITION OF ETHICS:



The Science of the morality of human acts

The study of Human Motivation, and ultimately, of Human Rational Behavior

Primary interest is Morality



ETHICS AS VALUE EDUCATION:



Branch of Philosophy

Moral Theology

Values Education

ART OF CORRECT LIVING:



Art is the Appreciation of Beauty

Refinement of the Spirit

Ethics is an art; the Breath of Life

Master Plan

Every man is an artist



IMPORTANCE OF ETHICS:



Indispensable knowledge

Without moral perception, man is only an animal

Ethics as the only necessary knowledge



TWO ETHICAL SYSTEMS (CLASSIFIED):



Atheistic

Theistic



ATHEISTIC APPROACH:



There is no God

Only matter exists; man is only responsible to himself

Morality is invented by man

Moral truths are temporary

Good and evil are relative and changeable



ATHEISTIC PRINCIPLES:



Matter is the only reality

Man is matter; no spiritual dimension

Man is free and must exercise his freedom to promote the welfare of society

No life after death

Man is accountable only to the State





THEISTIC APPROACH:



God is the Supreme Lawgiver

Eternal Plan of Creation of God

Man has freedom to exercise God’s will

Morality is absolute; unchangeable

Man is accountable for his actions

Life after death





THEISTIC PRINCIPLES:



God is the Supreme Creator and Lawgiver

Man is free and must choose his freedom to promote his personal and social interests along with his fellowmen

Man has an immortal soul that cannot die

Man is accountable for his actions; Reward and Punishment



ETHICS AND RELIGION:



Ethics is a science and depends on investigation of its truths

Religion is a system of beliefs and practices based on faith and / or revelation



ETHICS AND LAW:



Ethics studies Human Motivation

Law is concerned with what we do and not what we feel

Proof

What is legal is not necessary moral



PROFESSIONAL ETHICS:



Code of Ethics

A professional listen to the “dictates of reason”

Honest business is good business

Public Perception



BUSINESSMEN TO CUSTOMERS:



Quality; serve purpose effectively and efficiently

Health / Safety

Discover and Apply innovations, inventions or adaptations



MARKETING DEPARTMENT:



Quality, quantity and time of delivery

Price

Artificial shortages, Price manipulation

Customer service oriented

Promotions are all true

Cultural Values of Community

xerxes
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Posts: 12
Join date: 2009-06-10
Age: 32
Location: Dinalupihan, Bataan

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